- Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
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SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
- This Act may be cited as the `Grassroots Rural and Small Community Water Systems Assistance Act'.
- Congress finds that--
- (1) the Safe Drinking Water Act Amendments of 1996 (Public Law 104-182) authorized technical assistance for small and rural communities to assist those communities in complying with regulations promulgated pursuant to the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300f et seq.);
- (2) technical assistance and compliance training--
- (A) ensures that Federal regulations do not overwhelm the resources of small and rural communities; and
- (B) provides small and rural communities lacking technical resources with the necessary skills to improve and protect water resources;
- (3) across the United States, more than 90 percent of the community water systems serve a population of less than 10,000 individuals;
- (4) small and rural communities have the greatest difficulty providing safe, affordable public drinking water and wastewater services due to limited economies of scale and lack of technical expertise; and
- (5) in addition to being the main source of compliance assistance, small and rural water technical assistance has been the main source of emergency response assistance in small and rural communities.
- It is the sense of Congress that--
- (1) to assist small and rural communities most effectively, the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency should prioritize the types of technical assistance that are most beneficial to those communities, based on input from those communities; and
- (2) local support is the key to making Federal assistance initiatives work in small and rural communities to the maximum benefit.
- Section 1442(e) of the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300j-1(e)) is amended--
- (1) by designating the first through seventh sentences as paragraphs (1) through (7), respectively;
- (2) in paragraph (5) (as so designated), by striking `1997 through 2003' and inserting `2015 through 2020'; and
- (3) by adding at the end the following:
- `(8) NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS-
- `(A) IN GENERAL- The Administrator may use amounts made available to carry out this section to provide grants or cooperative agreements to nonprofit organizations that provide to small public water systems onsite technical assistance, circuit-rider technical assistance programs, multistate, regional technical assistance programs, onsite and regional training, assistance with implementing source water protection plans, and assistance with implementing monitoring plans, rules, regulations, and water security enhancements.
- `(B) PREFERENCE- To ensure that technical assistance funding is used in a manner that is most beneficial to the small and rural communities of a State, the Administrator shall give preference under this paragraph to nonprofit organizations that, as determined by the Administrator, are the most qualified and experienced in providing training and technical assistance to small public water systems and that the small community water systems in that State find to be the most beneficial and effective.
- `(C) LIMITATION- No grant or cooperative agreement provided or otherwise made available under this section may be used for litigation pursuant to section 1449.'.
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